Origin And History Of Paddy Crop
Scientific Name-Oryza Sativa L.
Number of Chromosomes-2n=24, 40
The oldest burnt rice (Paddy Crop) in the world, found in the excavation of Hansapur city in Uttar Pradesh, this place is said to be 1000 years ago from Isha. The description of paddy is the Hindu texts and the ancient texts of Ayurveda are also found. In addition, in the Vedic religious dates, rice The use of grains in India proves to be the Paddy Crop from the earliest times.
It is also believed that in the valleys of decorating crime, rice in the country of Greece Was moved from the need Mohenjodaro and rice in India is not some scholars on the basis of rice from the Harappan excavations being formed from just before the birth of the rice that it proves ranked India as
Importance And Utility of paddy Crop
Rice is the main food item of more than half of the world’s population that is 90% above the world in the field of boys Asia. Paddy is the main and important crop of India, paddy is cultivated on 1/3 of India’s area. Paddy Crop (Rice) is used in the first place of rice in the world.
as it is sown in the world, because rice is found in the rice, especially in the textile industry it is used more effectively. Rice plants are used for animal feed. is done. Paddy‘s dry tree is used in the use of packing when sending glass goods from one place to another.
Paddy Crop Climate
High heights require high humidity and high rainfall for good growth of paddy. Paddy cultivation is successfully done at a height of 25 meters above the sea level, below sea level. In areas where annual rainfall is more than 140 cm, paddy crop can be successfully grown. For the growth of the paddy plant, it requires a temperature of 21 ° C to 6 ° C. Flax 26.5 ° to 29.5 ° C is needed for flowering and requires a temperature of 0 ° C to 25 ° C for ripening.
Soil For Paddy Crop
Heavy belt Soil is considered to be good for paddy cultivation. Paddy can be successfully grown in smooth, granular soil, rocky soil, soft loam soil. Soil pH can be grown in 4.5 to 8.0 ph Soil, but it is impossible to cultivate it on sandy soil.
Characteristics of improved varieties of Paddy
नरेंद्र धाम 359, पूसा 44-33, APHR 1, APHR 2, MGR 1, KRH 1, IET 7565, CNRH 3, KRH 2, DRRH 1, ADD 19, ADT 42, PMK 2, TPS 3, MTU 1001,ASD 20, CSR 13, CSR 27, महामाया, पंत धान, रत्नागिरी, करजात, शकुंतला, विरसा धान, बासमती, कर्नाटक हिल/
Time Of Sowing And Planting Paddy crop
In North India, mostly in June-July, paddy is transplanted. Paddy crops have been classified according to time for planting and cutting of paddy crop in different areas of the country.
Crop Season Time of sowing Harvesting Time
Early Crop Aus-Autumn May-June September- October
Rainy season Aman-Winter June-July November – December
Summer Crop Boro-Spring November-December March April
Manuring in Paddy Crop
For the Dwarf castes For indigenous castes
Nitrogen (Kg/Hac)- 120 60
Phosphorus (Kg/Hac)- 60 40
Potash (Kg/Hac)- 50 30
Paddy crop disease
There is an outbreak of disease, the virus in paddy crop; It is very important to control the crop from sowing till harvest. It is very important to control it if you do not control it, your crop production will fall and crop quality will be bad
1 Bown spot
3 Bacterial leaf blight
4 Tungro virus
5 Khera disease
When 25 to 30 days after the arrival of paddy earrings mostly Paddy grows and grows in milk, when the milk is thick in hardening, harvesting is done from Asia, etc. To harvest it with a power driven machine, after draining the fields, the field is dried and the grain is dried. As long as 14% of mosture is left, the ratio of rice peel to the rice grinding is 2: 1
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